From a historical point of view, the processes of internationalization of the
economy originate in the sphere of exchange. From exchange trade, development went to local
international markets. During the period of initial capital accumulation, local centers of intersect oral
trade grew into a single world market. In the course of the competition between countries, a system of
international division of labor has developed, which finds its expression in the sustainable production of
goods and services in individual countries in excess of domestic needs in terms of the international
market. It is based on international specialization, which implies a spatial gap between the individual
stages of production or between production and consumption on an international scale.
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