Linguistics is the science of language, a science that studies
its social essence and functions, its internal structure; about the laws of its
functioning and the historical development and classification of certain
languages. Linguistics is a multifaceted science, since language is a very complex
multifaceted phenomenon. Linguistics as a science is divided into general and
private. Within the framework of General Linguistics, typological linguistics is
distinguished. Its function is to compare unrelated languages. In this article,
information about the early development, origin and types of the field of
linguistics in philology is collected and opinions and comments are made.
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